Tier References

Alberta Tier 1: Criteria for Contaminated Soil Assessment and Remediation (1994) References

  1. Refer to National guidelines for decommissioning industrial sites (draft). 1989, Environment Canada, Report DOE 8505-5.
  2. McKeague, J.A. ed. 1978. Manual on soil sampling and methods of analysis. Can. Soc. Soil Sc. Ottawa, Ontario. Method 3.11.
  3. McKeague, J.A. ed. 1978. Manual on soil sampling and methods of analysis. Can. Soc. Soil Sc. Ottawa, Ontario Method 3.21.
  4. Total acid digest concentrations, unless indicated otherwise. Concentrations based on spot samples not composited or bulked. Decrease Tier 1 values to one-half for soil containing less than 10% clay.
  5. Refer to Alberta soil remediation guidelines for underground storage tanks for site-specific criteria.
  6. Refer to Alberta 1990 Guide for Disposal of Elemental Sulphur. Up to 500 ug g -1 elemental sulphur may be present providing soil pH (0.01M CaCl 2 ) is at least 6.5 If more than 500 ug g -1 elemental sulphur, lime is required for the total amount; no more than 40000 ug g -1 *(4%) elemental sulphur may be left and treated with lime. To control salinity, lime must contain little (about 2% or less), or no magnesium.
  7. Kimbrough, R.I., H. Falk, P. Stehr and G. Fries. 1984. Health implications of 2,3,7,8-TCDD contamination of residential soil. J. Tox. And Env. Health 14:47-93.
  8. U.S. EPA Method 8015, 8020 and 8270 or equivalent.
  9. 75 micron Sieve Assessment: Reference ASTM Method D422-63 (1998). Standard Test Method for Particle Size Analysis of Soil, ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA 2001 or
  10. Reference ASTM Method D1140-00 (D18.03) Standard Test Methods for Amount of Material in Soils Finer than the #200 (75 m m) Sieve. ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA.
  11. Particle Size - Hydrometer: Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, Mr. Carter (ed). P.507 (Section 47.3) 1993. Cdn Soil Science Society, Lewis Publishing, U.S.A.
  12. Flashpoint - D93-80, Test Methods for Flashpoint by Pensky-Marten Closed Cup Tester, (also referred as EPA Method 1010).


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